What is CBG?

By now you've heard all about CBD but how much do you know about CBG?

We note that the subject contained in this article represents illegal activity in certain jurisdictions. Whilst we do not condone any acts which are contrary to any such laws, we understand that readers in those jurisdictions which have decriminalised cannabis may find this article of interest.

CBD, or Cannabidiol, has taken the world by storm over the last few years, thanks to the introduction of the US Farm Bill in 2018. CBD has appeared in every product from coffee to cocktails, to even pet treats and beauty products.

However, CBD isn't the only cannabinoid in town. Aside from the obvious THC, there are many lesser-known cannabinoids that we've covered previously, including THCA, CBN, and now, it's time to learn about CBG.

CBG or Cannabigerol is another compound extracted from the cannabis plant, and like CBD, it's a non-psychoactive alternative that is gaining momentum in the cannabis industry.

How does CBG work 

Although CBG is just hitting the markets, it was actually first discovered by researchers in the 1960's.

CBG is the main element that the other cannabinoids are created from, hence being commonly referred to as the "stem cell."

A report from EcoGen Laboratories explains how CBG interacts with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), triggering CB1 and CB2 receptors to regulate neurohormones, which affects how the body governs certain state such as mood, appetite and pain management.

As far as we know CBD doesn't have the same influence when it comes to appetite, which means that CBG may be a better option for those concerned about gaining an increased appetite.

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Why Choose CBG?

CBG has the potential to provide amazing health benefits, however it has yet to go through the clinical trials that can prove this.

"Animal studies have shown that CBG stimulates receptors involved in pain and heat sensation and can also stimulate a2-adrenergic receptors in the brain and blood vessels, which are involved in blood pressure regulation," says Dr. Mintz, a Primary Care Physician & Internist.

"Thus, CBG might have a role in blood pressure regulation and pain. CBG may have some anti-inflammatory properties as well."

In 2015 a study that was carried out on mice discovered that CBG has the potential to be a treatment for neurodegenerative conditions, such as Huntington's disease.

The study showed that treatment with "phytocannabinoid produced a much lower, but significant, recovery in the deteriorated rotarod performance, typical of mice."

This would be a major step for both doctors and patients if proven successful. 

CBG provides many benefits whilst remaining a non-intoxicating compound. This is why the compound has begun to catch the eye of cannabis consumers and is perfect for those targeting specific problems.

Potential Drawbacks 

Even though there may be a high demand for CBG, there is still a gap for it in the market. This is due to the fact that CBG is highly expensive to produce. Extracting the compound requires extremely expensive machinery, along with a high level of scientific expertise.

The state of Oregon—one of the largest hemp markets in the United States—has over 3,500 acres of land dedicated to hemp production and growth. Many of the breeders in Oregon have also decided to focus on the production of CBG, as they believe it is the next big thing in the market.

Although CBG still has to go through clinical trials, consumers are more eager than ever to get their hands on products containing the compound. And while it remains an expensive cannabinoid to produce, as it becomes more popular—and supply begins to catch up with demand—the market price will begin to drop.

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Niki Mohazeb
Niki Mohazeb

Niki is a Sydney based writer, with a passion for promoting the health benefits of medicinal cannabis. Niki also enjoys researching and writing about the future of cannabis along with the many other benefits that the plant provides, such as the diverse utilities of hemp.

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