The votes are in. Oregon is the first U.S. state to legalize magic mushrooms in therapy.
Oregon voters have spoken. Psilocybin therapy has been approved in the state, making Oregon the first U.S. state to legalize a form of psychedelic-assisted therapy.
As a result, adults over the age of 21 years will be able to access psychedelic-assisted therapy in a controlled, therapeutic environment. There is currently no restriction on eligibility criteria to access treatment.
The approval of Measure 109 will result in a program to facilitate the preparation and administration of psilocybin therapy. The Oregon Health Authority (OHA) will be responsible for the establishment of the program and setting its regulations. This will include the standards, education, training, and qualifications of therapy facilitators. This process is likely to take up to two years.
As it stands, research behind psychedelic-assisted therapy has dated back as early as the 1950s. However, the counter-culture of the 1960s resulted in research to be put at halt. It wasn't until the early 2000s that psychedelic-assisted therapy re-emerged in scientific research.
According to clinical research, psychedelic-assisted therapy has a proven ability to help treat mental health and addiction. Psilocybin therapy, for example, can help reduce tobacco addiction and end-of-life distress.
In addition to the approval of Measure 109, Oregon citizens also voted to decriminalize the possession of personal/non-commercial drugs under Measure 110. This will include the possession of heroin, cocaine, and methamphetamines.
While individuals who produce and distribute these substances remain subjected to criminal charges, there will be a drastic decrease of convictions for possession of controlled substances. According to the Oregon Criminal Justice Commission, an overwhelming 90% decrease in possession charges is estimated.
Furthermore, the money saved from conviction charges will be funded into Drug Treatment and Recovery Services Fund. Money from the Oregon Marijuana Account will also be directed into the fund.
The Democratic party publicly supported and endorsed both Measure 109 and Measure 110 in September via social media.
Currently, psilocybin is already decriminalized in Denver and Oakland. There's a good chance that Oregon's vote will create a domino effect of access to psilocybin-assisted therapy for those who can benefit from it the most.
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