5 Things You Should Know About CBG

One of the hottest topics being discussed today is cannabidiol, better known as CBD, which is extracted from the cannabis plant. But, another non-psychoactive ingredient that's somewhat a new discovery and is also found in the cannabis plant is cannabigerol, abbreviated as CBG. The CBG cannabinoid is usually referred to as the parent or mother of other cannabinoids such as CBD and the psychoactive THC. 

What's CBG?  Look no further if you're searching for an answer to this question as this guide will take a deeper look into this specific cannabinoid. You'll also learn the difference between CBG vs CBD. So, read on!

  1. What's CBG?

The term CBG is a short term for cannabigerol, and is a natural-occurring cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant. It usually exists in acidic form and is the mother molecule from which other cannabinoids, such as the psychoactive THC and non-psychoactive CBD, are derived. This is why CBG is commonly referred to as 'The Mother of all Cannabinoids,' as it's from the acidic state of CBG known as cannabigerolic acid (CBGA), where all cannabinoids are extracted from.  

Therefore, this means all the cannabinoids, including CBD and THC, won't exist without CBG forming in its raw state. However, CBG exists in much smaller quantities compared to other cannabinoids, usually less than 1% of the total cannabinoids. In contrast, the THC percentage varies between 25 to 30%, while CBD ranges from 20 to 25%. It's this rare nature of CBG why consumer products that contain it are usually expensive. 

  1. How Is CBG Made? 

The extraction of CBG is usually done from young cannabis plants instead of fully grown plants as they contain greater quantities of this cannabinoid. CBG is usually available in higher quantities in smaller cannabis plants because the different cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, initially start as an acidic form of CBG. This is why CBG is usually found in higher concentrations in younger cannabis plants. 

Once the cannabis plant has fully developed, CBG is available in much lower quantities than other cannabinoids, such as CBD and THC. This is because a substantial quantity of the CBG transforms into THC and CBD as the plant ages. 

There are different methods of extracting CBG from the cannabis plant. One popular technique is using chemical solvents, such as butane, to separate CBG and other cannabinoids from the raw hemp plant. Another viable extraction method of CBG entails using supercritical CO2 instead of chemical solvents. The supercritical CO2 extraction method is ideal because it helps preserve omega fatty acids, terpenes, and vitamins, which exist naturally in hemp. 

The low quantities of CBG in the cannabis plant have forced growers to try genetic manipulation and breeding to see if they can get a strain that boasts greater quantities of CBG. Examples of these strains with higher CBG content include Jack Frost CBG, Super Glue CBG, and White CBG.  

  1. What's The Difference Between CBG and CBD? 

Anytime you talk about CBG, the question of how it's different from CBD is bound to come up due to their chemical similarities. In fact, CBD and CBG share a couple of similarities, including the fact that they're both non-psychoactive. Likewise, these two cannabinoids can work as one to reduce THC's psychoactive effects. 

The difference between these two cannabinoids is that CBG is the original form of CBD. But, as the cannabis plant grows, CBG is transformed into CBD. Because of this, CBG usually only accounts for around 1% of the total cannabinoid content, while CBD makes up to 20%. 

Another difference between these two cannabinoids is how they bind to receptors in the endocannabinoid system. Researchers have noted that CBG interacts more efficiently with CB1 and CB2 receptors than CBD. As a result, the subsequent effects are much more potent compared to CBD, which is why CBG is increasingly becoming the go-to pick as it delivers the desired results.  

  1. How Does CBG Work? 

After using a cannabis product either through vaping, dabbing, smoking, or eating, CBG enters your bloodstream and circulates across your entire body and brain. Consequently, it binds to CB1 receptors in the brain and the nervous system, as well as CB2 receptors in the immune system and other parts of your body. 

After attaching to CB1 and CB2 receptors, CBG boosts the function of the neurotransmitter known as anandamide, responsible for reducing pain, regulating sleep and appetite, and boosting motivation and pleasure. 

  1. What Are The Possible Health Benefits Of CBG? 

The use of CBG has been shown to have several health benefits on your body in addition to not being psychoactive. Some of the commonly known benefits of using CBG include:

  • It may help boost your appetite, making CBG especially helpful for chronically sick individuals, such as patients on cancer treatment. 
  • CBG might also help reduce inflammation, making it an excellent pick for persons suffering from inflammatory bowel infections. As a result, this helps ease gastrointestinal discomforts. 
  • The use of CBG may help lower cell proliferation in different forms of cancer, such as prostate and breast cancer, thereby reducing the invasion of these cells. This cannabinoid is also said to be useful to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and cachexia, the loss of muscle, and weight. 
  • CBG may be a great addition to your skincare routine because it helps ensure that this vital body part is nourished, clear, and clean by healing irritation, inflammation, and unwanted blemishes. 
  • Using CBG oil may assist you in your fight against depression and anxiety, thus, helping boost your physical and mental wellbeing. 
  • Using CBG might help lower the chances of glaucoma by reducing pressure inside your eye, which consequently destroys the optic nerve. 
  • One study done in 2015 shows that CBG may have neuroprotective properties, making it ideal in the treatment of neurodegenerative conditions, such as Huntington's disease.  

Takeaway

CBG is another term you'll hear being used in the cannabis culture, which is known for having unique abbreviations and words. This, in addition to CBG still being somewhat new to most people, makes this cannabinoid fairly mysterious to some. Fortunately, this blog post has done away with any uncertainty surrounding CBG by detailing everything you need to know about this cannabinoid. Therefore, you can now better gauge whether you can use CBG. 

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Mark Bernberg
Mark Bernberg

Mark Bernberg is a long-time cannabis investing enthusiast and founder of The Green Fund, Asia Pacific's preeminent media house, positioned at the forefront of the global cannabis industry.